"Are you more likely to die if you stay up late"

You are more likely to die early if you stay up late awake at night! By Maxpayne | 15th April 2018

Night owls – people who like to go to bed late and get up late – have a 10 per cent higher risk of dying than early birds, a study found.

Research based on 50,000 people in the UK found they had the higher chance of death over the six-and-a-half year period they were being studied. It damages the health of those who prefer moonlight it seems that living in a world geared to early risers.

And the switch to British Summer Time – pushing the clocks an hour forward in the Spring – makes things even worse for late risers, the scientists said.

Night Owls
Kristen Knutson, associate professor of neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine said: ‘Night owls trying to live in a morning lark world may have health consequences for their bodies.'

Their internal biological clock doesn't match their external environment. ‘It could be that people who up late have an ‘It could be psychological stress, eating at the wrong time for their body, not exercising enough, not sleeping enough, being awake at night by yourself, maybe drug or alcohol use. Being up late in the dark by yourself, there are a whole variety of unhealthy behaviours related.

The researchers asked 433,268 participants, age 38 to 73 years if they are a ‘definite morning type' a ‘moderate morning type' a ‘moderate evening type' or a ‘definite evening type'.

It was calculated what type of person was most likely to die, as Deaths in the sample were tracked up to six and half years later. Professor Knutson said that we are not ‘doomed' by our biology as even if we are a definite night owl or an early bird, there are things that we can change to benefit our health, such as getting more flexible working hours. Deaths in the sample were tracked up to six and half years later – and then it was calculated what type of person was most likely to die.Jobs and work hours could have more flexibility for owls as per Professor Knutson: ‘If we can recognize not just a character flaw, these chronotypes are, in part, genetically determined.

‘They shouldn't be forced to get up for an 8 am a shift. Make work shifts match peoples' chronotypes. Some people may be better suited to night shifts.'

To see if there are improvements in blood pressure and overall health, the researchers' next project is to see if night owls are able to shift their body clocks to adapt to an earlier schedule. 

Experiments on Night Timers 
The switch to daylight savings or summer time is already known to be much more difficult for evening types than for morning types.

It is being studied whether saving time – such as British Summer Time – has negative health effects. Professor von Schantz said pushing the clocks forward in countries that adopt daylight. He said: there are already reports of higher incidence of heart attacks following the switch to summer time.

The small additional risk is multiplied by more than 1.3 billion people who experience this shift every year, this has to be remembered. ‘I think we need to seriously consider whether the suggested benefits outweigh these risks.'

Previous studies have found that staying up late has bad effects on the heart and metabolism. After the effects of health were adjusted for, but night owls still had a 10 percent higher risk of deathWhere practical and currently, we should discuss allowing evening types to start and finish work later. As per Malcolm von Schantz, Professor of Chronobiology at the University of Surrey, he said:  We need more research about how we can help evening types to cope with the higher effort of keeping their body clock in synchrony with sun and time.