Different types of Hernia, the Anatomy Involved and the causes of Hernia, are to be detailed. Hernia Prevention and Treatment
A Hernia is a general term referring to a condition which can appear in various parts of the body. The most common hernias develop somewhere in the abdomen, they allow a hole to develop. Weakness in the abdominal wall causes the hole. Adding a few simple stretches to your fitness program will help. Check out the Ultimate Guide to Stretching & Flexibility to get started on a safe and effective stretching routine that's just right for you. Femoral canals which permit passage of vessels downward to the scrotum and the legs Areas of the abdominal wall prone to herniation include the inguinal areas. Another area of natural weakness vulnerable to a hernia is the umbilical region or navel. Congenital susceptibility to a hernia exists and the affliction is known to run in families.
Abdominal wall can be weakened and be at risk for developing hernia due to previous abdominal surgery. The excessive strain is the cause of many abdominal hernias. Weightlifters are at particular risk in sports. A condition causing severe pain and requiring emergency surgical intervention is complications of an untreated hernia including strangulation of an intestine.
What is a Hernia?
Hernias occur when a body cavity bulge outward from their normal position/location. This can include portions of intestine or abdominal fatty tissue enclosed in a membranous lining, such contents may include. It refers to bulges in the lower torso involving the abdominal wall. Many structures of the body (including the brain) are vulnerable to herniation through a hernia most often Hernias carry the risk of complications, particularly, should the blood supply to the contents of the hernia sac be cut off – a so-called strangulated hernia while hernias are often relatively harmless.
Less obvious symptoms due to pressure on an organ from a hernia are possible or occurrence of a hernia may produce localized pain, a visible or palpable lump. Organ dysfunction may result in more severe instances. Including various diseases, overstrain from lifting activities or pregnancy in many conditions can increase intra-abdominal pressure leading to a hernia. Injury or through the previous surgical incision is possible, the abdominal area may have been weakened by age.
Herniated Disc Anatomy
Types of Hernia and the Anatomy Involved
An inguinal hernia: This condition comes in two forms, direct and indirect. 75% of all hernias involving the abdominal wall inguinal hernias. In women, such hernias are far more prevalent than in men. The area where the skin creases at the top of the thigh joining the torso, both forms of an inguinal hernia occur at the inguinal crease. Testicles create during embryonic development an indirect inguinal hernia involving the pathway. Normally closing before birth but remaining a vulnerable site for a hernia, this pathway descends from the abdomen into the scrotum. Occasionally, the hernia sac may protrude into the scrotum. Such hernias can result later from the ageing process but also occur in infancy.
Such hernias rarely protrude into the scrotum. They are largely restricted to middle-aged and elderly patients, whose abdominal walls have weakened with age. They also differ from indirect inguinal hernias in being a Femoral Hernia. This condition produces a bulge below the inguinal crease in roughly the middle of the thigh. Such hernias are rare and largely restricted to women.
Femoral hernias become irreducible and strangulated and also run a higher risk, abdominal contents, usually intestine, protrude into the femoral canal.
An umbilical hernia: This form of a hernia is fairly common, accounting for 10-30% of all hernias. It becomes visible as a protrusion at the belly-button or umbilicus, often, it is detected at birth. This is the result of incomplete closure of an abdominal wall opening after birth.
An incisional hernia: It may become weakened and vulnerable to a hernia, following abdominal surgery, the wall of the abdomen such incisional hernias occur in about 2-10% of all abdominal surgeries, and may occur months or years after surgery. Incisional hernias recur the following correction in about 20-45% of cases.
What Causes a Hernia?
While an umbilical hernia may be present at birth, other forms of an abdominal hernia occur later in life. Existing abdominal wall openings or other sites of abdominal wall weakness can lead to a hernia, areas of weakness in the foetal pathways of the abdomen.
Heavy lifting or any other intense straining of the abdomen
Coughing, particularly chronic (as with smokers)
Straining during a bowel movement or urination
It depends on age and general health of the patient as well as the type and severity of a hernia involved, treatment for a hernia vary according to several factors. While some hernias resolve themselves, surgery is often required. Repair of a hernia is often carried out on an outpatient basis.
Hernia surgery involves an incision at the hernia site after which the surgeon will either move the protruding contents of a hernia back into the abdominal cavity or remove the contents altogether. Before doing any sort of strenuous athletic activity or exercise, do warm up as much as possible.
Strengthen abdominal muscles with strength exercises.
Rest properly after vigorous exercise, particularly lifting.
Coughing can contribute to hernia development, hence quit smoking as far as possible.