"Severe problems of Concussions"

What is a concussion?
A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). It can occur after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury that causes your head and brain to shake quickly back and forth. An altered mental state including becoming unconscious may result due to a concussion.

Anyone can become injured during a fall, car accident, or any other daily activity. If you participate in impact sports such as football or boxing, you have an increased risk of getting a concussion. Once an accident occurs, concussions generally can cause not life-threatening and serious symptoms that will necessitate appropriate medical treatment. A concussion is different from a contusion. A concussion specifically affects your brain, but contusions are bruises. Contusions can occur on your head, but they aren't typically serious and tend to resolve within several days.

Symptoms - Recognizing the signs and symptoms of a concussion

The severity of the injury and the nature of the person injured decide the symptoms. It's not true that a loss of consciousness always occurs with a concussion. Some people do experience a loss of consciousness, but others don't.

The signs and symptoms of someone else having a concussion should be well understood when you're having a concussion.

Symptoms you may experience

The signs of a concussion may include:

Memory problems

Confusion

Drowsiness or feeling sluggish

Dizziness

Double vision or blurred vision

A headache

Nausea or vomiting

Sensitivity to light or noise

Balance problems

Slowed reaction to stimuli

The symptoms may begin immediately, or they may not develop for hours, days, weeks, or even months following your injury.

The following symptoms should be experienced in the recovery period after a concussion.

Irritability

Sensitivity to light or noise

Difficulty concentrating

Mild headaches

Signs of concussion in a loved one
Somebody known to you could have a concussion and they may not be aware of it. The following are some of the signs to look out for:

Irritability

Balance issues

Loss of coordination

Problems walking

Seizures

Draining of blood or clear fluid from the ears or nose

Unequal pupil size

Abnormal eye movement

Lasting confusion

Slurred speech

Repeated vomiting

Brief loss of consciousness after the injury

An inability to wake up (also called a coma)

Seek immediate emergency medical treatment or call 911 if you or someone you know experiences any of these symptoms above after an injury. 

Concussion symptoms in babies
Concussion symptoms can vary in babies. Babies will generally have the following common signs in case of a concussion:

Vomiting

Drainage from their mouth, ears, or nose

Irritability

Drowsiness

Rarely, concussions can cause permanent brain damage. While most babies recover from concussions, it's important to have them checked out by a doctor. Seek immediate medical help if your baby is unconscious.

Emergency symptoms: When to see a doctor
Consult with a Physician if you suspect that you or someone else has an accident followed by a concussion. Tell the athletic coach and go to a doctor if a concussion occurs during sports practice or a game. Injuries to the spine can be accompanied with concussions. In case of a neck or back injury, avoid making them move by themselves and get a professional ambulance service to hospitalize them. 

Diagnosis
How a concussion is diagnosed

Your doctor will begin with questions about how the injury happened and its symptoms if a doctor or emergency room visit is necessary. Your doctor will perform a physical examination to determine what symptoms you have.

MRI scan or a CT scan of your brain will be suggested to check for serious injuries In the case of serious symptoms. For concussions, a special eye test is done generally to observe the symptoms. This test is sometimes used by certified athletic trainers. Any visual changes that are related to a concussion are conducted. Changes in pupil size, eye movements, and light sensitivities all will be inspected by the Doctor.

Treatment

How a concussion is treated
The severity of your symptoms as observed decides the treatment methods. Surgery could be required in case if you have:

Bleeding in the brain

Swelling of the brain

A serious injury to the brain

However, most concussions don't require surgery or any major medical treatment.

Ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) might be prescribed as pain relievers if the concussion is causing headaches. Depending on the severity of your injury your doctor could ask you to get plenty of rest, for 24 hours or even a few months avoid sports and other strenuous activities and avoid driving a vehicle or riding a bike. Take Doctor's advice regarding alcohol use as alcohol might slow recovery. 

Long-Term Effects
A warning about the long-term effects of multiple concussions

Without a doctor's permission, anyone who has had a concussion shouldn't return to sports or strenuous activities. Before the first concussion is healed, second impact syndrome which is getting a second concussion time which can increase the chances of severe brain swelling and may be fatal. Taking rest after any concussion is very important. This allows your brain to heal. Return to such physical activities should be gradual, even once your doctor has granted permission.

Prevention

How to prevent concussions
Wearing a correct helmet and other athletic safety gear during sports activities can reduce your risk of getting a concussion. Always wear helmet appropriately and make sure the helmet and other gear fit properly. The CDC provides an extensive overview of concussion information.