Several years leading up to menopause brings the scope of alters in hormone levels produced by the ovaries especially estrogen. For many women, postmenopause time is empowering and brings freedom. They do not have to think about a monthly period or any birth control method. Below, we have described the types of hormones and menopause to better understand the hormonal changes during the time of menopause.
Estrogen can be defined as a female hormone which regulates the health of the female reproductive organs. This is the hormone which is responsible for keeping the moist and resilient. Also, it keeps the vagina well equipped with blood. During the phases of different estrogen levels, the health of vagina gets affected. Also, the amount of estrogen lowers at the time of menopause. In some cases, there can be even more estrogen at the time of menopause than the past years.
On one hand, reduced production of estrogen can affect the sexual function, it causes vaginal dryness. On the other hand, higher levels of estrogen can cause breast tenderness, heavy bleeding etc. In many cases, it can also cause hot flashes and night time sweats, which eventually drains the energy levels. This also affects your desire for sex.
Progesterone and testosterone:
Alongside estrogen, levels of different hormones delivered by the ovaries—progesterone and testosterone — are also changing amid your midlife years.
Irregular reductions in progesterone influence menstrual periods more than they influence sexual capacity, yet age-related decreases in testosterone may hose libido (sex drive) in midlife ladies. The way that estrogen decays more than testosterone persuades that sex libido should not decrease at the time of menopause. The decrease in testosterone in ladies is exclusively age-related, not menopause-related, and starts a long time before per menopause.
Premenopause, perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause are the four stages of menopause. At every level, three main hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone levels vary.
Premenopause: This time stretches from the time a woman experiences her first period till the time she starts experiencing the signs of perimenopause. At this time, estrogen and progesterone regulate the monthly menstrual cycle and the levels of fertility.
Perimenopause: This includes all those months/Years which before experiences her last period. During this period, both the main female hormones estrogen and progesterone remain in flux. At this time, the sex hormone production also slows down till the time ovulation stops. It is this time when a woman may go through menopausal symptoms including hot flashes, lowering libido, fatigue, night time sweats, low energy, and headaches.
Menopause: When a time of 12 months have passed since a lady had her last period that is called as Menopause.
Postmenopause: This is the time after menopause that has confirmed the menopause in a woman. From this point, a woman will no longer ovulate or menstruate. However, this does not suggest that the hormone levels are entirely depleted and the woman will not feel any libido.
Usually, Postmenopause is the time when women actually start feeling better. The bodies adjust to the lower levels of hormones. Although during postmenopause, women are at a higher risk for heart disease and some urinary incontinence. It is advisable to take preventative measures like seeing the doctor.